ABOUT COMBINATION SKIN

SYMPTOMS OF COMBINATION SKIN

Combination skin is a complicated situation where both oily and dry skin co-exists. This can occur at any age but is more prevalent in a younger skin.
The T-zone area of the face (nose, chin and forehead) tends to be oilier and the cheeks and periphery of the face tend to be drier. The T-zone has more sebaceous glands and produces more sebum than the rest of the face. When these glands are overactive, facial oil is significantly increased.
The signs (what you see) and symptoms (what you feel) of combination skin are:
  • Uneven skin tone
  • Oily areas together with dry areas
  • Enlarged pores and shiny skin
  • Blackheads and whiteheads
  • Fine lines and wrinkles

Combination skin is a result of genetic or hormonal factors, which cause an imbalance in lipids (oil) production. Certain climates, in particular humidity is also problematic for this skin type. This combination of characteristics and problems can make combination skin particularly difficult to deal with.

CAUSES OF COMBINATION SKIN

It is well documented that hormones and genetics can cause changes to your skin at different stages of your life. To make matters more complicated, there are factors that can exacerbate both the oily and dry characteristics of combination skin and increase the chances of acne.
Some of the main causes of combination skin are:
  • Sweating: An increase in body temperature and ultimately sweating can stimulate the sebaceous glands causing an increase in oil production.
  • Hot Climate: Hot and humid climates can cause excess sweating and/or exacerbate oil production, which can lead to clogged pores and acne.
  • Cold Climate: Cold weather and climates with low-humidity levels can sap your skin of moisture, causing dryness and irritation.
  • Incorrect Skin Products: Using products that contain harsh or skin-aggravating ingredients will inevitably dry out some areas of your face while stimulating oil production in areas that were already oily.

CARING FOR COMBINATION SKIN

Caring for combination skin can be tricky, especially when we are dealing with two conditions. Oily and dry skin in their own right causes concerns let alone when they are combined.

  • Gentle but effective Cleanser: The goal is to effectively cleanse and remove impurities, debris, and makeup without leaving skin feeling tight, dry or greasy. 
  • Active, non-irritating Toner: The toner should contain a healthy amount of skin-replenishing ingredients, antioxidants and gentle hydroxy acids for effective exfoliation. A well-formulat­ed toner can help nourish dry skin, minimise oiliness at the same time and prepare the skin for light hydration. It is important not to miss this step!
  • Exfoliant: Our Micro-Dermabrasion Paste is an optimal choice to effectively exfoliate combination skin. This will help remove dead skin cells, unclog pores, reduce oiliness, and at the same time gently smooth rough, dry, flaky patches.
  • Protect from sun damage: No skin type is exempt from the need of a broad spectrum sunscreen applied every single day. This is the one step that reduces the early signs of ageing now and into the future. For combination skin a lightweight SPF lotion is the best choice for your face...and don’t forget to apply to your neck.
  • Powerful Night Cream: A suitable night cream should be full of antioxidants, skin-replenishing ingredients, skin-restoring ingredients and vitamin A. These are imperative to help calm skin, lessen excess oil production, and im­prove dry areas. When combined, these ingredients have stunning anti-ageing properties for skin. 

TIPS FOR MANAGING COMBINATION SKIN

Self-care tips for managing combination skin:

  • Avoid harsh cleansers: Things like sulphates, alcohol and soap can strip your skin of its natural oils. You may think this will help your T-zone, but in truth, it will actually encourage it to produce more oil. Stay away from harsh, chemical ingredients.
  • Exercise: This gets the blood pumping, which delivers key nutrients to your skin.
  • Practice stress relief: Stress can make your skin more reactive, both the oily and dry areas. Try meditation or yoga but most importantly take time to relax, recharge and look after you.
  • Avoid pore-clogging cosmetics: Always choose cosmetics suitable for oily or combination skin and labelled non-comedogenic. 
  • Choose fragrance-free: Your cheeks are likely to be prone to dryness, dullness, flaking and possible irritation. Avoid products with chemical fragrances and other irritating ingredients.
  • Moisturise from the inside out: A challenge with combination skin is getting enough hydration without clogging pores. You can moisturise from the inside out with essential fatty acids. Eat more salmon, walnuts, and flaxseed, and consider taking a fish oil or flaxseed oil supplement.