ROSACEA, ECZEMA & PSORIASIS

WHAT IS ROSACEA?

Rosacea is a condition in which the blood vessels of the skin dilate and constrict easily in response to a variety of stimuli including spicy food, alcohol, embarrassment, heat, sunlight, and hot flushes of menopause. Women are more than three times as likely as men to exhibit it, although the symptoms are often more pronounced and severe in men. While this is an extremely common skin disease, it is grossly misunderstood, often misdiagnosed, and frequently improperly treated. Rosacea is characterized by intense and frequent flushing or blotchy redness, the appearance of “broken blood vessels” on the cheeks, chin, and nose, and in most cases, acne like pimples. Eventually, rosacea progresses to a permanent redness of the midface, cheeks, nose, and chin, along with pustules and red inflammatory acne bumps. The exact causes of rosacea are unknown. If you suffer from rosacea, you probably also have some components of sensitive skin. Additionally, we believe hormones play a strong role. Like acne, rosacea is not curable, so we advise our patients to educate themselves, avoid the triggers, and treat the symptoms in an effort to minimise the intensity and frequency of flare-ups.

ROSACEA TRIGGERS:

  • Sun exposure
  • Red wine
  • Smoking
  • Heat—hot or steam baths, radiant heat, saunas, warm environments
  • Spicy foods
  • Hot drinks
  • Caffeinated beverages
  • Cosmetics and skincare products containing high levels of alcohol or acetone, as well as fragranced products
  • Anxiety, embarrassment, and stress
  • Physical exertion

TREATMENT OF ROSACEA

There are a variety of treatments available that can help keep Rosacea under control. Topical agents such as azelaic acid, benzoyl peroxide and sulphur are often used as treatment. Advances in peptide technology have been found to be effective at calming inflammation associated with rosacea.

Sometimes rosacea will flare up with the application of rich emollients, glycolic acids, or astringents containing alcohol. Therefore, rosacea sufferers must be EXTRA cautious in their selection of skincare products. Cleanser selection is particularly important, and emulsion-type soap-free options are generally best. Look for physical sunblocks containing zinc oxide and this will help keep the skin cool and therefore less likely to flush.

Choosing the correct skincare products that are formulated for hyperirritable skin in crucial. These can help keep the skin calm and less likely to react. Products for sensitive skin with optical filters can help to reduce the appearance of redness and ruddiness as well.

WHAT IS ECZEMA?

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis is a type of chronic (ongoing or recurrent) skin inflammation. It is characterized by a spreading, sometimes patchy red rash that is itchy, scaly, or blistered. Sometimes called “the itch that rashes” because it starts with itchy skin that disrupts the protective barrier. When that happens, moisture is lost, and skin becomes dry and more prone to infection. People with eczema have dry, irritable skin. The normal protective barrier of the skin is not effective and this allows substances to get in and irritate the skin. In addition, itching and scratching contribute to the damage and inflammation of the skin.

While there is no cure for eczema, there are treatments and specialised skincare products that can reduce symptoms and prevent flare-ups.

WHAT IS PSORIASIS?

Psoriasis is a common and chronic skin disorder that affects a significant number of the population. The initial appearance of psoriasis can happen at any age. Once diagnosed, it is a lifelong condition. Generally people will experience dry, scaly patches of skin that are caused by a greatly accelerated rate of skin cell proliferation. These patches, called plaques, often appear on the elbows and the knees as well as the scalp and are generally not itchy. Those with psoriasis may go through bouts of remission, but then stress inevitably flares it up again. Environmental factors such as smoking, exposure to sun, and alcohol may affect how often psoriasis occurs and how long the flare-ups last.

 

SKINCARE ROUTINE

To heal sensitive, irritable skin, you need to repair and strengthen the skin’s moisture barrier. Once the moisture barrier is compromised, there tends to be a downward spiral, as increased moisture loss causes a heightened inflammatory response and lessens the skin’s ability to self-repair.

Step 1: Remove any irritating substances and products.

Step 2: Nourish the skin with ingredients that fill in and repair the barrier, such as dimethicone, allantoin, and lipids. This will allow the skin to heal, keeping moisture in and irritants and microbial agents out.

Step 3: Identify and avoid factors that trigger reactions, such as heat, sunlight, and certain skincare or food products.  Keep in mind that sensitive skin also reacts to the way it is treated, so don’t be too aggressive with your skincare regimen and keep exfoliation to a minimum.

Below is a recommended skincare routine for keeping sensitive skin looking and feeling its best:

CLEANSE: Use a Gentle Cream Wash to sweep away skin impurities without the use of harsh surfactants. Containing essential moisturising ceramides that nurture the skin’s barrier to support its resiliency.

SENSITIVE SKIN TREATMENT LOTION: This type of hydrating lotion will help reduce the visible signs of dry and sensitive skin. A calming formula clinically tested to neutralise triggers and irritants at the skin's surface and alleviate dry skin and visible redness. Dimethicone and allantoin fortify the skin’s barrier to relieve dryness and reduce the signs of sensitivity. Optical filters effectively neutralise the look of visible redness.

MOISTURE REPLENISHING CREAM: Rich, dewy moisturiser to soothe, hydrate and nourish the skin. Helps to replenish skin’s natural moisturising factors without the use of traditional emulsifiers.

CALMING LOTION WITH SPF: Calming lotion with SPF protects the skin without compromising the skin's delicate moisture barrier. A lightweight formula to calm, soothe and minimise the appearance of visible redness associated with dryness and irritation. Helps to defend against environmental stressors with moisturising sun protection.